Social class, employment status and inequality in psychological well-being in the UK: Cross-sectional and fixed effects analyses over two decades

Date: 01 October 2016

A body of academic research has shown a social class gradient in psychological well-being. Some recent work has also suggested that the gradient is worsening over time, though the evidence is mixed. We focus on two straightforward research questions: Is there a class gradient in mental health? Has this gradient changed over time? We answer these questions with attention to two specific causal pathways: employment status and unobserved heterogeneity. We use two data sources: repeated cross-sections from the Health Survey of England (HSE) and longitudinal data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). The combination of pooled OLS regression (with HSE) and fixed effects analysis (with BHPS) allows for a robust analysis of the relationship between class and psychological well-being. We argue that employment status is a confounder in the analysis of class inequalities and show that ...

Marii Paskov Lindsay Richards

Employment, Equity and Growth

Social class, employment status and inequality in psychological well-being in the UK: Cross-sectional and fixed effects analyses over two decades


Type: paper

Richards, L. & Paskov, M. (2016). ‘Social class, employment status and inequality in psychological well-being in the UK: cross-sectional and fixed effects analyses over two decades’. Social Science & Medicine, 167, pp.45-53.


View Document