While the influence of poverty in childhood on adulthood outcomes has been extensively studied, little is known about how the strength of intergenerational persistence in poverty itself varies across countries. Here we examine the intergenerational persistence of poverty in a comparative analysis of 30 European countries using data from the 2019 ad hoc module of the EU-SILC dataset. We construct proxy measures of poverty in the parental household employing information on the inability to meet basic needs, financial hardship, parental education and occupational social class. The strength of the association between current poverty based on the indicators at the core of the EU’s social inclusion process and these measures of parental poverty is assessed by estimating odds ratios and marginal effects. The cross-country variation in poverty persistence is probed in terms of its relationship with country characteristics. Mediation analysis highlights the role of own education as well as occupation in underpinning the observed relationship between current and parental poverty. Finally, differences across age cohorts in the strength of poverty persistence are examined.


Bavaro, M., Carranza, R. & Nolan, B. (2023). 'Cross-country comparison of intergenerational poverty transmission in Europe'. INET Oxford Working Paper No. 2023-22.
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