This research programme seeks to understand why current economic growth models are failing middle and lower income households in many rich countries and what may be required for better, fairer growth. The programme is exploring what drives improvements in ordinary living standards across the rich countries of the OECD, the major challenges that have emerged over recent decades including rising inequality, and how these might be addressed. The programme's work is supporting the development of new public policy approaches to rising inequality and declining social mobility. The programme is a partnership between INET and the Department of Social Policy and Intervention.
INET Oxford's Programmes
Employment, Equity, Growth (EEG)
Employment, Equity and Growth
We show that while rich countries have faced common challenges in an era of globalization and rapid technological change, some sets of institutions and policy responses proved more capable than others in still underpinning widely-share improvements in incomes and living standards.
The Intergenerational Transmission of Family Wealth
This project, supported by the Nuffield Foundation, is investigating the direct transmission of wealth across generat...
We need an ‘emergency survey’ based on random samples. Urgently.
01 Apr 20
During times of massive socio-economic change, it should be possible to quickly launch an emergency ...
The threat of social decline: income inequality and radical right support
03 Mar 20
We argue that rising inequality not only intensifies relative deprivation, but also signals a potent...
No. 2020-03 - Social class and earnings: a cross-national study
17 Jan 20
In this paper, we utilize data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (E...
No. 2020-01 - MetaSILC 2015: A Report on the Contents and Comparability of the EU-SILC Income Variables
16 Jan 20
In this report, we document and analyse how individual income components are aggregated into the EU-...
No. 2019-17 - A note on the replication of the European Socio-economic Classification (ESeC) in the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)
01 Dec 19
In this research note, I document the data quality of EU-SILC in terms of measuring ESeC, and propos...
Learning From Automation Anxiety of the Past
12 Nov 19
Much like during the industrial revolution, today’s automation anxiety is entirely justified. But hi...
No. 2019-15 - Putting inadequate incomes at the heart of food insecurity. A Study of the financial constraints to access a healthy diet in Europe
11 Nov 19
In this paper, we try to assess the role of adequate incomes and minimum income policies in having a...
Automation and its enemies
04 Nov 19
Mechanisation during the Industrial Revolution accelerated economic growth and prosperity in the lon...
Bringing Women on Board: The Social Policy Implications of Gender Diversity in Top Jobs
31 Oct 19
This paper argues that analyses of the gendered character of welfare states should be broadened to i...
The High Cost of Impeding Automation
24 Oct 19
History offers plenty of examples of what happens when we slow innovation because of job fears
In the technology trap (in German)
21 Aug 19
Robots will replace more and more people at work. That much is certain. The question is whether this...
Politicians must deal with the wrong side of robotics (in Swedish)
13 Aug 19
Automation is something positive. We can produce several benefits cheaper and make them better. At t...
The robot revolution is here. Prepare for workers to revolt
26 Jul 19
Economists tend to dismiss anti-technology sentiment as backwards and Luddite. But they miss an impo...
The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation
18 Jun 19
How the history of technological revolutions can help us better understand economic and political po...
No. 2019-09 - Has the Middle Secured Its Share of Growth or Been Squeezed?
17 Jun 19
In striking contrast to the notion that democracy is under threat because ‘the middle’ has been ‘squ...
No. 2019-07 - Inequality and Real Income Growth for Middle and Low-income Households Across Rich Countries in Recent Decades
06 Jun 19
This paper places what has happened to income inequality in rich countries over recent decades along...
No. 2019-08 - Firm Heterogeneity and the Aggregate Labour Share
04 Jun 19
Using a static model of firm behaviour with imperfect competition on the product and labour markets,...
No. 2019-06 - Insiders under pressure: Flexible employment and wage inequality
31 May 19
This paper explores whether the deregulation of flexible employment exacerbates wage inequality amon...
No. 2019-05 - The Median Versus Inequality-Adjusted GDP as Core Indicator of ‘Ordinary’ Household Living Standards in Rich Countries
30 May 19
This paper first highlights the extent to which GDP per head will be unreliable as an indicator of h...
No. 2019-04 - What Happened to the 'Great American Jobs Machine'?
18 Apr 19
In the 1980s and 1990s the US employment rate increased steadily. Since then it has declined both in...
Will AI Destroy More Jobs Than It Creates Over the Next Decade?
01 Apr 19
Decide the answer for yourself, as two experts square off on this crucial question
Intergenerational class mobility in Europe: A new account
22 Mar 19
Forthcoming in Social Forces
Dr Carl Benedikt Frey: Saving labour: automation and its enemies
28 Feb 19
In this talk Dr Carl Benedikt Frey will discuss the societal consequences of the accelerating pace o...
Prof Mariana Mazzucato: The value of everything: rediscovering purpose in the economy
31 Jan 19
This talk will argue that modern economic theory has led to the confusion between profits and rents,...
No. 2018-07 - People do not adapt to income changes: A re-evaluation of the dynamic effects of (reference) income on life satisfaction with GSOEP and UKHLS data
06 Nov 18
Do people adapt to changes in income? This paper shows that there is no evidence of adaptation to in...
2. Background and data 3. Empirical strategy and results 4. Conclusions Appendix A. Supplementary materials Research Data References Figures (4) Fig. 1. Uber’s rollout in the United States Fig. 2. The spatial diffusion of Uber in the United States Fig. 3
01 Nov 18
A frequent belief is that the rise of so-called “gig work” has led to the displacement of workers in...
No. 2018-15 - The Drivers of Inequality in Rich Countries
31 Oct 18
Rising income inequality has recently come centre-stage as a core societal concern for rich countrie...
Uber Happy? Work and Wellbeing in the “Gig Economy”
01 Oct 18
We explore the rise of the so-called “gig economy” through the lens of Uber and its drivers in the ...
Inequality and ordinary living standards in rich countries
03 Aug 18
Country contexts really matter, and policy responses must be framed in light of the institutional po...
Political machinery: did robots swing the 2016 US presidential election?
02 Jul 18
Technological progress has created prosperity for mankind at large, yet it has always created winner...