This research programme seeks to understand why current economic growth models are failing middle and lower income households in many rich countries and what may be required for better, fairer growth. The programme is exploring what drives improvements in ordinary living standards across the rich countries of the OECD, the major challenges that have emerged over recent decades including rising inequality, and how these might be addressed. The programme's work is supporting the development of new public policy approaches to rising inequality and declining social mobility. The programme is a partnership between INET and the Department of Social Policy and Intervention.
INET Oxford's Programmes
Employment, Equity, Growth (EEG)
Employment, Equity and Growth
We show that while rich countries have faced common challenges in an era of globalization and rapid technological change, some sets of institutions and policy responses proved more capable than others in still underpinning widely-share improvements in incomes and living standards.
The Intergenerational Transmission of Family Wealth
This project, supported by the Nuffield Foundation, is investigating the direct transmission of wealth across generat...
No. 2020-01 - MetaSILC 2015: A Report on the Contents and Comparability of the EU-SILC Income Variables
16 Jan 20
In this report, we document and analyse how individual income components are aggregated into the EU-...
No. 2019-17 - A note on the replication of the European Socio-economic Classification (ESeC) in the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)
01 Dec 19
In this research note, I document the data quality of EU-SILC in terms of measuring ESeC, and propos...
No. 2019-15 - Putting inadequate incomes at the heart of food insecurity. A Study of the financial constraints to access a healthy diet in Europe
11 Nov 19
In this paper, we try to assess the role of adequate incomes and minimum income policies in having a...
Bringing Women on Board: The Social Policy Implications of Gender Diversity in Top Jobs
31 Oct 19
This paper argues that analyses of the gendered character of welfare states should be broadened to i...
No. 2019-09 - Has the Middle Secured Its Share of Growth or Been Squeezed?
17 Jun 19
In striking contrast to the notion that democracy is under threat because ‘the middle’ has been ‘squ...
No. 2019-07 - Inequality and Real Income Growth for Middle and Low-income Households Across Rich Countries in Recent Decades
06 Jun 19
This paper places what has happened to income inequality in rich countries over recent decades along...
No. 2019-08 - Firm Heterogeneity and the Aggregate Labour Share
04 Jun 19
Using a static model of firm behaviour with imperfect competition on the product and labour markets,...
No. 2019-06 - Insiders under pressure: Flexible employment and wage inequality
31 May 19
This paper explores whether the deregulation of flexible employment exacerbates wage inequality amon...
No. 2019-05 - The Median Versus Inequality-Adjusted GDP as Core Indicator of ‘Ordinary’ Household Living Standards in Rich Countries
30 May 19
This paper first highlights the extent to which GDP per head will be unreliable as an indicator of h...
No. 2019-04 - What Happened to the 'Great American Jobs Machine'?
18 Apr 19
In the 1980s and 1990s the US employment rate increased steadily. Since then it has declined both in...
Intergenerational class mobility in Europe: A new account
22 Mar 19
Forthcoming in Social Forces
Dr Carl Benedikt Frey: Saving labour: automation and its enemies
28 Feb 19
In this talk Dr Carl Benedikt Frey will discuss the societal consequences of the accelerating pace o...
Prof Mariana Mazzucato: The value of everything: rediscovering purpose in the economy
31 Jan 19
This talk will argue that modern economic theory has led to the confusion between profits and rents,...
No. 2018-07 - People do not adapt to income changes: A re-evaluation of the dynamic effects of (reference) income on life satisfaction with GSOEP and UKHLS data
06 Nov 18
Do people adapt to changes in income? This paper shows that there is no evidence of adaptation to in...
No. 2018-15 - The Drivers of Inequality in Rich Countries
31 Oct 18
Rising income inequality has recently come centre-stage as a core societal concern for rich countrie...
Inequality and ordinary living standards in rich countries
03 Aug 18
Country contexts really matter, and policy responses must be framed in light of the institutional po...
Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries: Shared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes
28 Jun 18
GDP Per Capita Versus Median Household Income: What Gives Rise to the Divergence Over Time and how does this Vary Across OECD Countries?
17 May 18
Rising Income Inequality and Living Standards in OECD Countries: How Does the Middle Fare?
15 May 18
Income inequality has increased in a number of the rich democratic nations over the past generation....
INET Briefing Note: Women Leading UK Employment Boom
28 Feb 18
No. 2018-05 - Sifting through the ASHE: Job Polarisation and Earnings Inequality in the UK, 1975-2015
21 Dec 17
Reducing poverty and inequality through tax-benefit reform and the minimum wage: the UK as a case-study
06 Dec 17
This paper assesses the first-round effects of tax, transfer and minimum wage reforms on income ineq...
Allocation of development assistance for health: Is the predominance of national income justified?
01 Dec 17
No. 2017-14 - How has the middle fared in the netherlands? A tale of stagnation and population shifts
27 Nov 17
Prof Brian Nolan: Children of austerity: impact of the great recession on child poverty in rich countries
13 Nov 17
The 2008 financial crisis triggered the first contraction of the world economy in the post-war era. ...
Inequality and Prosperity in the Industrialized World: Addressing a Growing Challenge
01 Sep 17
On average, income inequality within developing economies is very high, particularly in Africa, and ...
Tony Atkinson and his Legacy
25 Aug 17
This collective tribute highlights the range, depth and importance of Tony's enormous legacy, the pr...
Polarization or “Squeezed Middle” in the Great Recession?: A Comparative European Analysis of the Distribution of Economic Stress
01 Aug 17