Dr Carl Benedikt Frey
Senior Research Fellow
Oxford Martin Citi Fellow, Director of the Future of Work Programme at the Oxford Martin School
Carl Benedikt Frey is Oxford Martin Citi Fellow at Oxford University where he directs the programme on the Future of Work at the Oxford Martin School.
After studying economics, history and management at Lund University, Frey completed his PhD at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in 2011. He subsequently joined the Oxford Martin School where he founded the programme on the Future of Work with support from Citigroup. Between 2012 and 2014, he was teaching at the Department of Economic History at Lund University.
In 2012, Frey became an Economics Associate of Nuffield College and Senior Fellow at the Institute for New Economic Thinking, both University of Oxford. He remains a Senior Fellow of the Department of Economic History at Lund University, and a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA). In 2019, he joined the World Economic Forum's Global Future Council on the New Economic Agenda, as well as the Bretton Woods Committee.
In 2013, Frey co-authored “The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerization”, estimating that 47% of jobs are at risk of automation. With over 5000 academic citations, the study’s methodology has been used by President Barack Obama’s Council of Economic Advisors, the Bank of England, the World Bank, as well as a popular risk-prediction tool by the BBC. In 2019, the paper was debated on the Last Week Tonight Show with John Oliver.
Frey has served as an advisor and consultant to international organisations, think tanks, government and business, including the G20, the OECD, the European Commission, the United Nations, and several Fortune 500 companies. He is also an op-ed contributor to the Financial Times, Scientific American, and the Wall Street Journal, where he has written on the economics of artificial intelligence, the history of technology, and the future of work.
His academic work has featured in over 100 media outlets, including The Economist, Foreign Affairs, New York Times, Time Magazine, Le Monde, and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. In addition, he has frequently appeared international broadcast media such as CNN, BBC, PBS News Hour, Al Jazeera, and Sky News.
His most recent book, The Technology Trap, was selected a Financial Times Best Books of the Year in 2019.
Learning From Automation Anxiety of the Past
12 Nov 19
Much like during the industrial revolution, today’s automation anxiety is entirely justified. But hi...
Automation and its enemies
04 Nov 19
Mechanisation during the Industrial Revolution accelerated economic growth and prosperity in the lon...
The High Cost of Impeding Automation
24 Oct 19
History offers plenty of examples of what happens when we slow innovation because of job fears
In the technology trap (in German)
21 Aug 19
Robots will replace more and more people at work. That much is certain. The question is whether this...
Politicians must deal with the wrong side of robotics (in Swedish)
13 Aug 19
Automation is something positive. We can produce several benefits cheaper and make them better. At t...
The robot revolution is here. Prepare for workers to revolt
26 Jul 19
Economists tend to dismiss anti-technology sentiment as backwards and Luddite. But they miss an impo...
The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation
18 Jun 19
How the history of technological revolutions can help us better understand economic and political po...
Will AI Destroy More Jobs Than It Creates Over the Next Decade?
01 Apr 19
Decide the answer for yourself, as two experts square off on this crucial question
Dr Carl Benedikt Frey: Saving labour: automation and its enemies
28 Feb 19
In this talk Dr Carl Benedikt Frey will discuss the societal consequences of the accelerating pace o...
2. Background and data 3. Empirical strategy and results 4. Conclusions Appendix A. Supplementary materials Research Data References Figures (4) Fig. 1. Uber’s rollout in the United States Fig. 2. The spatial diffusion of Uber in the United States Fig. 3
01 Nov 18
A frequent belief is that the rise of so-called “gig work” has led to the displacement of workers in...
Uber Happy? Work and Wellbeing in the “Gig Economy”
01 Oct 18
We explore the rise of the so-called “gig economy” through the lens of Uber and its drivers in the ...
Political machinery: did robots swing the 2016 US presidential election?
02 Jul 18
Technological progress has created prosperity for mankind at large, yet it has always created winner...
Regional Technological Dynamism and Noncompete Clauses: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
01 Sep 17
In this paper, we examine the causal impact of enforceable covenants not to compete (CNCs) on labor ...
Accelerating clean energy through Industry
01 Aug 17
A report of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna, Austria.
The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?
01 Jan 17
We examine how susceptible jobs are to computerisation.