We consider inference and forecasting for aggregate data organized in a two-way table with age and cohort as indices, but without measures of exposure. This is modeled using a Poisson likelihood with an age-period-cohort structure for the mean while allowing for over-dispersion. We propose a repetitive structure that keeps the dimension of the table fixed while increasing the latent exposure. For this, we use a class of infinitely divisible distributions which include a variety of compound Poisson models and Poisson mixture models. This results in asymptotic F inference and t forecast distributions.
Harnau, J. & Nielsen, B. (2018). 'Over-dispersed age-period-cohort models'. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 113(524), pp.1722-1732.